Dave Ramsey’s Complete Guide To Money

The All-In-One Resource on Money—Budget, Save, Dump Debt & Invest

Embrace the Discipline of Monthly Budgeting

Ever found yourself scratching your head over an eerily empty bank account, playing detective to trace where your paycheck vanished? If you nodded yes, the culprit is likely your lack of a monthly budget.

Think of a budget as your money’s GPS. It maps out where each dollar of your income should be hitching a ride, giving you a birds-eye view of your financial landscape. Planning a budget slashes frivolous spending, helping you to squeeze the value out of every cent. Bonus points – your anxiety takes a nosedive while your satisfaction soars, safe in the knowledge that your bills are paid.

“But how do I go about budgeting?” I hear you ask.

Well, if you’re riding the regular income train, it’s time to befriend the zero-based budgeting system. Kick off by scribbling down your monthly costs, savings included. Then, play matchmaker, coupling each expense with a chunk of your income until every dollar is accounted for. The end game? Your total income minus all expenses equals zero.

For those of you juggling an irregular income, your strategy should echo the zero-based budgeting system. Put your monthly expenses down on paper, placing life’s essentials – food, housing, clothing, and transport – at the top. When payday rolls around, start funneling your income down the list until it runs dry. If some expenses missed the money train, earmark them for next month’s budget.

Pair the zero-based budgeting system with the cash envelope system. For your cash-only expenses like food, gas, or groceries, assign specific envelopes. Then, when your salary lands, divide the necessary cash among the envelopes.

Sure, sketching out a budget plan every month is key. But sticking to it? Now that’s the real game-changer. Remember, a budget can only work its magic if you’re committed to following through.

Prioritize Savings in Your Financial Blueprint

Savings are the bricks and mortar in your financial freedom fortress. The more you squirrel away, the closer you inch towards that coveted state. To get there, you need to start stashing cash for three big things: an emergency fund, big-ticket purchases, and investments.

An emergency fund is your financial safety net, ready to catch you when life throws you a curveball. What qualifies as an emergency varies from one household to another, but it typically falls somewhere between a busted car and an urgent wisdom tooth extraction. The golden rule here is to always have your emergency fund within arm’s reach, so avoid tying it up in nonliquid investments.

In Dave Ramsey’s ladder to financial nirvana, the emergency fund is the first rung, requiring you to salt away $1,000. With that covered, you’re equipped to take on the second rung – slaying debt, which we’ll dive into in the next bit. From there, the third rung awaits – bolstering your $1,000 safety net into a full-fledged emergency fund worth three to six months of your living expenses.

Your second saving goal is for those splashy purchases. Here, the sinking fund method is your best friend. It’s a straightforward strategy where you tuck away a set sum every month until you’ve hit your target. The maths is simple: the total cost of your purchase divided by your saving duration. Eyeing a $500 smartphone and you want it in two months? You’ll need to save $250 per month.

Beyond emergency funds and big purchases, the third saving mission is investment. Investments are the golden goose that can lay the eggs of financial freedom. While the investment landscape is vast, mutual funds are a solid starting point – they spread the risk and offer attractive returns.

A mutual fund is like a smorgasbord of stocks from different companies. By investing in one, you get to sample each company’s stocks. There are four types of mutual funds you should set your sights on. First, international mutual funds, featuring companies outside the US. Next up, growth and income funds, featuring big, established players. Then there are growth funds with medium-sized companies, and finally, aggressive growth funds, filled with small, rapidly growing companies. The goal? Dedicate 25% of your investment fund to each of these four categories. When choosing a mutual fund, look for a decade-long track record of solid performance and an average return of at least 12%.

Alongside mutual funds, real estate can be a nifty addition to your investment portfolio – but only after you’ve knocked out all seven steps in Ramsey’s plan. When you’re set to dip your toes in the property market, consider teaming up with an agent to navigate the paperwork and score a sweet deal. Square away title insurance and a land survey too. When it comes to payments, cash is king to avoid sliding back into debt. But if a home loan is unavoidable, aim for a 10% down payment and opt for a conventional mortgage with a fixed-rate interest over 15 years. Just ensure your monthly repayments don’t gobble up more than a quarter of your take-home pay.

Remember, investing isn’t a one-and-done deal. It’s a marathon, not a sprint – so you need the discipline to stay the course.

Cultivate a wealthy mindset

At its core, financial freedom is more about mindset than numbers. A wealthy mindset believes in the power of hard work, the value of saving, the virtue of patience, and the necessity of discipline.

Start by redefining what wealth means to you. Is it the ability to travel without financial constraints? Or perhaps, it’s the assurance that you can provide for your family without worry? Once you know what wealth looks like for you, it becomes easier to work towards it.

Remember that building wealth is a journey, not a sprint. It requires consistent effort and mindful financial habits over the long term. Embrace the idea of living below your means. This doesn’t mean depriving yourself of the good things in life. Rather, it means making conscious choices about where your money goes.

This perspective may also mean resisting societal pressures to live a certain lifestyle. That could involve ignoring the lure of the latest gadgets, expensive cars, or branded clothes. Investing in assets, not liabilities, should be your focus.

Invest in self-education. Knowledge is the best investment you can make. Learn about personal finance, economics, and investment strategies. Read books, attend seminars, and follow thought leaders in the field. Remember, the more you learn, the more you earn.

Finally, maintain an abundance mindset. Believing that there’s enough wealth to go around fuels generosity. Whether it’s giving to charities or helping a friend in need, the act of giving can be profoundly satisfying and ultimately contributes to your sense of wealth and abundance.

Remember, cultivating a wealthy mindset is the first and most crucial step towards financial freedom.

Develop Multiple Income Streams

Depending on a single income source is risky. Losing your job or suffering from a health issue that prevents you from working can quickly lead to financial instability. To mitigate this risk, you should strive to develop multiple income streams.

Here are a few strategies to consider:

  1. Invest in real estate: You can generate income through rental properties or by flipping houses.
  2. Start a side business: If you have a hobby or passion, consider turning it into a business. It could be anything from baking to woodworking to graphic design.
  3. Freelance or consult: Use your professional skills to offer consulting services or freelance work.
  4. Invest in stocks or bonds: While this requires some knowledge and understanding of financial markets, investing in stocks or bonds can potentially provide significant returns.
  5. Write a book or create a course: If you are an expert in a specific field, consider writing a book or creating an online course.
  6. Start a blog or YouTube channel: If you’re creative and have interesting content to share, you can earn income through advertising, sponsorship, and affiliate marketing.
  7. Peer-to-peer lending or crowdfunding real estate: These platforms allow you to lend money to individuals or invest in real estate projects for a return.
  8. Dividend Investing: Invest in companies that pay dividends. These are companies that distribute a portion of their earnings to shareholders.

Remember, it takes time and effort to create additional income streams. Start with one or two and gradually build on them. The key is consistency and patience.

By practicing disciplined monthly budgeting, prioritizing savings, avoiding debts, insuring your life and property, cultivating a wealthy mindset, and developing multiple income streams, you can pave your path towards financial freedom. It might not be easy, but the peace of mind and financial stability it brings are well worth the effort.

Pay off your home early

After you’ve established your retirement and college savings, it’s time to focus on your home. Baby Step #6 is all about paying off your home mortgage early.

Many people consider a mortgage as a necessary debt, something they’ll need to live with for 15 to 30 years. But the reality is, there are numerous benefits to paying it off early. You can save thousands, even hundreds of thousands, in interest payments. Plus, it brings an incredible amount of emotional relief knowing that you own your home outright.

One way to pay off your mortgage early is by making extra payments towards your principal. These can be made monthly, yearly, or as a one-time payment when you receive a large sum of money, like a tax refund or a bonus. Be sure to check with your lender that there’s no prepayment penalty in your mortgage agreement.

Another strategy is to switch from a traditional 30-year mortgage to a 15-year mortgage. The shorter term means you’ll be paying more each month, but you’ll be paying off your home twice as fast, and save significantly on interest costs. Remember to only switch to a shorter-term mortgage if you can comfortably afford the higher monthly payments.

You can also use the “debt snowball” method. This means once you’ve paid off all other debts, use the extra funds you now have to make additional payments toward your mortgage. This method can significantly reduce the length of your mortgage.

No matter which method you choose, always ensure that your extra payments are marked to be applied to the principal, not the interest. This ensures your mortgage balance decreases faster, saving you more on interest costs.

Build wealth and give generously

Once you’ve paid off your home, congratulations! You’ve reached Baby Step #7 – building wealth and giving generously.

You now have a significant amount of money freed up that was previously going towards debt payments. This gives you the opportunity to build wealth. Continue investing in your retirement accounts, real estate, or other investment opportunities.

One great way to build wealth is through compounding. The earlier you invest, the more time your money has to grow. Even small investments can turn into significant amounts over time. Remember the adage, “It’s not timing the market, it’s time in the market”.

Building wealth also provides you with the opportunity to be generous. Giving is a core aspect of personal finance. It brings joy and purpose to our lives, and it helps others. This could be through charitable donations, supporting a cause you care about, or helping out friends or family in need.

You can also consider setting up a legacy fund. This is a fund you create with the intention of leaving a financial legacy to your children, grandchildren, or a charitable organization. It’s a powerful way to ensure your wealth benefits others long after you’re gone.

Remember, building wealth is not just about amassing money for your own benefit. It’s also about having the resources to make a positive impact in the world around you.

By following these steps, you can gain control over your finances, achieve financial peace, and build a secure future for you and your family. It may not always be easy, but with dedication and discipline, you’ll find that the rewards are well worth it.That’s a great way to summarize these steps toward achieving financial freedom and peace. Here’s a quick recap of the seven Baby Steps to financial freedom:

  1. Save $1,000 for your starter emergency fund: A safety net to catch unforeseen expenses and help you avoid new debt.
  2. Pay off all debt except the house using the debt snowball: Pay off your smallest debts first to build momentum, then work your way up to the larger ones.
  3. Build a fully-funded emergency fund of 3 to 6 months of expenses: This gives you the cushion you need to handle larger unexpected costs without incurring more debt.
  4. Invest 15% of your household income into Roth IRAs and pre-tax retirement funds: This sets you up for a comfortable retirement.
  5. Begin college funding for children: Start saving for your children’s education after you’ve taken care of your own retirement.
  6. Pay off your home early: Aim to be completely debt-free, including your mortgage.
  7. Build wealth and give generously: With no debts and a fully funded retirement, your money is now free to grow. Invest wisely, build wealth, and give generously to make a positive impact.

By following these steps, you can achieve a level of financial peace and freedom that many people only dream of. It requires commitment and discipline, but the rewards are well worth it. Not only will you secure your own financial future, but you’ll also be able to help others and make a significant positive impact in your community.